Short article documenting how much ancestry modern Europeans have inherited from four ancient West Eurasian populations.

Contents:
1. Global 25 and Vahaduo
2. Introduction
3. The Data




1. Global 25 and Vahaduo

I’ve made a number of posts on this topic before, but this one will specifically focuses on data from Eurogene’s Global25 (G25), a tool used for genetic modeling, estimating ancestry populations in ancient and modern peoples, and creating principal component and admixture analyses.

G25 is a Gedmatch calculator that runs on Vahaduo software. Like all Vahaduo calculators, it is completely free to use and can be found online at the links below. Vahaduo calculators feature the latest data from genetic studies, and are regularly updated.

Here’s a tutorial on how to use G25: https://archive.vn/FTcQN. However, unless you know a significant amount about archaeogenetics and ancient populations, you won’t get the most out of the software and will likely produce confusing, nonsensical results.


2. Introduction

This article features an admixture analysis of the modern European population, divided into four regions:

  • Northwest
  • Northeast
  • Southwest
  • Southeast.

They roughly correlate to the ethnolinguistic regions of: Germanic, Balto-Slavic, Italic, Greco-Slavic. Not perfect, but close enough.


The analysis shows how much ancestry each modern European ethnic group has inherited from the four ancient ‘basal’ racial/ethnic groups that contributed to the formation of the modern European population:

  • Ancient North Eurasians (ANE)
  • Western European Hunter-Gatherers (WHG)
  • Caucasus Hunter-Gatherers (CHG)
  • Anatolian Neolithic Farmers (ANF)

Caucasus Hunter-Gatherers have 36% Ancient North Eurasian ancestry, so the analysis isn’t perfect but, unfortunately there are no Dzudzuana (pre-ANE peoples of the Caucasus) samples available.

Peep these facial reconstructions if you want to know what these populations looked like (there are no CHG reconstructions, as far as I know).

This map displays their approximate territories in West Eurasia in 7000 BC (EHG is 75% ANE and 25% WHG):


Below is a principal component analysis with each ancient population highlighted. As you can see, modern Europeans are in the middle of these four ancient populations.


3. The Data

  • Ancient North Eurasian = RUS_MA1
  • Western European Hunter-Gatherer = WHG
  • Caucasus Hunter-Gatherer = GEO_CHG
  • Anatolian Neolithic Farmer = TUR_BARCIN_N

As usual, don’t treat these results as gospel, but a rough guide.


Northwestern Europe

Average:
22.1% ANE
21.4% WHG
12.1% CHG
44.4% ANF


Northeastern Europe

Average:
26.1% ANE
23.6% WHG
12.0% CHG
38.3% ANF


Southwestern Europe

Average
12.9% ANE
13.2% WHG
11.2% CHG
62.7% ANF


Southeastern Europe

18.2% ANE
12.3% WHG
14.8% CHG
54.7% ANF


Side by side averages comparison